GROUP COHESIVENESS

group

   Sarveer Kaur
Faculty, Surya School of Business Management

When discussing social groups, a group is said to be in a state of cohesion when its members possess bonds linking them to one another and to the group as a whole. Cohesion can be more specifically defined as the tendency for a group to be in unity while working towards a goal or to satisfy the emotional needs of its members. Cohesive groups include sports teams, work groups, military units, fraternity groups, and social groups. The bonds that link group members to one another and to their group as a whole are not believed to develop spontaneously. Cohesiveness among group members develops from a heightened sense of belonging, teamwork, interpersonal and group-level attraction. Similarity of group members has different influences on group cohesiveness. Individuals’ similarities in background (e.g., race, ethnicity, occupation, and age), attitudes, values and personality traits have generally positive association with group cohesiveness. In addition, similar background makes it more likely that members share similar views on various issues, including group objectives, communication methods and the type of desired leadership. Group performance, like exclusive entry, increases the value of group membership to its members and influences members to identify more strongly with the team and to want to be actively associated with it. Some groups may have a stronger cohesion-performance relationship than others. Smaller groups have a better cohesion-performance relationship than larger groups. People in cohesive groups experience better emotional adjustment. In particular, people experience less anxiety and tension. It has been found that people cope better with stress when they belong to a cohesive group.
In the context of Surya World Institutions of Academic Excellence, group cohesiveness can be found in each and every horizon of faculty and student workforce dynamics. Every event organized in the college witnesses high levels of group cohesiveness. The latest to recall is Athletic Meet in which both students and faculty participated enthusiastically and demonstrated how group cohesiveness can lead to the victory.

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